History of uniforms

Offiziersuniform der königlichen polnischen Infantriegarde 1732
Quelle: Maciej Szczepańczyk

The uniform, borrowed from equidistant French "uniforme" (uniform clothing) symbolizes the function of its wearer and / or its affiliation to an association and to an organization (clothing, badge, national flag, etc.). By wearing the uniform, the individual is supposed to embody his profession or his task and place his task as a function bearer in the foreground. With the wearing of the uniform, the corpsist of the uniform carriers is also trained and strengthened.

Uniforms are either prescribed (eg in the public service) or usual. Soldiers, members of auxiliary services as well as foreign police officers are also obliged to wear uniforms due to international law.


As the predecessors of the uniforms, the tradi tional traits which in the ancient world characterize militarily dependents. At first dress was simply the name of the worn person, so any kind of clothes and the accompanying design. In the meantime, the term "traits" refers to the regionally determined folk costumes or the costumes worn by certain groups.

The Roman empire was a pioneer in the wearing of military wars, but this predecessor of uniforms disappeared again. In the early Middle Ages, the Combatants carried a standard which bore the coat of arms of their sovereign, and thus showed them as an enemy unit. Only knights of the Order and members of city guards, as well as the body guards of the respective provincial princes, were impressed by uniform clothing. During the Thirty Years' War, the wearing of uniform clothing was, after all, customary in the use of uniform distinctive features by the increased use of mercenary heirs. This trend continued throughout the 18th century, as the more modern textile manufactures could better meet the requirements of uniform uniforms.


During this century the following uniform colors were used for the soldiers of the respective nation:

• Great Britain - red

• France - gray, later white, still blue later

• Russia - green

• Prussia - dark blue

• Austria - gray / white


• Bavaria light blue, dark green